The JKD Principle of Interception
Besides setting up the straightblast one of the major cornerstones of my method of self defense is intercepting incoming attacks. This principle is the core fighting strategy of JKD. There several ways a interception can be done in either long range or close range both offensively and defensively. One basic way to intercept at long range is through a stop hit. A stop hit is a attack fired at long range against a bad guy stepping in range to throw his punch. The most basic stop hit is the lead jab from JKD and Boxing. This utilizes the JKD principle of using the longest weapon to the nearest target. (The lead punch to the chin or jaw region). Other stop hit technique examples would be the low side kick to the knee, the lead fingerjab to the eyes, a thrusting tiger claw to the face or eyes, a single handed ear smack, a quick lead round kick to the groin, a powerful rear spinning back kick with a solid thrust into the ribs, and so on.
If at long range you're unable to stop hit because your opponent is a crafty boxer or thai boxer then your next means of long range interception is through limb destructions. Limb destructions are attacks made to the bad guy's attacking body weapons to destroy them. Some example techniques are the bicep punch, vertical or horizontal elbow strike to the hand or knuckles, driving a elbow strike to the high kicks, driving a knee strike to the leg kicks, lower your head to break the bad guy's knuckles on the top of your skull.
Then there is also close range interceptions which are important because most fights begin at close range. Defensive interception would include jamming punches and offensive interceptions could involve pre emptive striking (throwing your attack first) such as a chin jab to the jaw, a head butt to the nose, or a knee strike to the balls. When intercepting at close range it is important to use the closest weapon to closest target principle to intercept a attack.
Another important principle is the opportunity principle. If done right this principle will enable your to bypass the bad guy's flinch and reflexive defenses as well as any trained defensive techniques such as parries, blocking, slipping, covering, etc. A good drill would be to have a training partner in front of you at close range. Slowly and softly either you throw a strike or your partner throw a strike. One strikes and the other defends with a block, parry, etc. As you strike or defend such as jamming the punch say the word in your head "opportunity". If you complete your block or strike before completing the word "opportunity" you will notice that you often effectively intercept your opponents move. If your pre emptive or counter movement is completed after you complete your word "opportunity" in your head then you will notice your interception attempt has likely failed.
So this is a basic explanation of intercepting attacks. Experiment with these ideas and remember to train safely.
Until next time,
Certified Self Defense Trainer
Certified Personal Trainer
Certified Martial Arts Fitness Instructor
P.S. I am in the process of creating a self defense weapons and home security webstore. I will keep you posted on this as I progress on it's creation.
P.P.S I will soon be releasing a online self defense program by the Family Safety and Self Defense Institute which will include 2 self defense programs and over 4 hours of video training. Again I will keep you posted so stay tuned for more.
Comparisons and Contrasts of the fighting methods of Combat Sports, Traditional Martial Arts and Authentic Self Defense Training.
Many months ago I said I was going to compare these combat methods but never got to it so here it is. When people sign up for TMA, MMA, etc, the general first assumption is they are being taught "self-defense". While some elements of TMA and MMA has some carry over to self-defense they are INCOMPLETE for self defense. I won't get into the lack of verbal self-defense, survivor's mindset, or confrontation management, etc because I already mentioned this in a earlier blog post so I am focusing on only the fighting methods on this post.
Traditional Martial Arts was created during times of war in the ancient days and contain many combat techniques that are very destructive such as tiger claw to the eyes, side kick to the knees, neck breaking, front kick to the balls, etc. However they also teach techniques that are FAR TOO COMPLEX for 95 percent of regular folks under a adrenalized state. Because of these overly complex techniques it also take far too long to master them all. A typical TMA such as Karate will take an average of 10 years to master and make use of in a fight. Most people in bad neighborhoods do not have that kind of luxury of time to train. The training should have you ready to fight within 4 to 6 months and mastery of the basics should take no longer than 1 year tops. The overly complex fighting techniques often requires a ton of flexibility, athletic ability, high coordination as well as fine motor skills that you won't have access to under high levels of stress and adrenaline making them useless in real life.
Weapons training in TMA are outdated and don't apply to today's modern weaponry and technology. When was the last time a thug came at you with a Katana, a Chinese broadsword, a spear, butterfly knives, or some nunchucks? What is the chance you can legally conceal carry these? These are not the modern weapons of todays times and while it may be fun to swing around a nunchuck you are not likely going to defend against one nor are you going to be able to legally carry a nunchuck in public places so such training is a waste of time. Some weapons of todays times include kubotans, tactical pens, a baseball bat, handguns, tactical folding knives, black jacks, stun guns, pepper sprays, military knives such as the Kabar or Fairbairn Fighting Knife, pen knives, machetes, beer bottles, a broken metal pipe, a crowbar, and so on. If you're going to train weapons then train for weapons of todays times.
The training methods of TMA are either incomplete or ineffective. Katas and forms practice to learn technique and principles are a complete waste of time. You can learn technique much faster and more directly by practicing on partners, shadowboxing, on bags and training dummies, and sparring. Teaching combat principles can be done through oral lectures, demonstrations, writing theory books, or drawing charts and tables on a whiteboard. Some TMA drills such as chi sao or hubud to learn attributes, technique or principles are also time wasters (There are too many TMA drills to address on a blog post.). Many of the principles and techniques can be learned much quicker in sparring and in the case of learning sensitivity, the fastest and most realistic way to learn this is by grappling. Another big problem with TMA is often a lack of sparring. Some schools out there don't allow sparring at all. Other schools permit sparring but make it unrealistic by not making contact, pulling strikes, and not allowing certain techniques such as leg kicks and throws. While certain blows should be pulled such as a knife hand to the throat you need to train with realism such as putting on protective gear and spar with hard full contact. To learn to swim you have to jump in the water and swim. To learn fighting you HAVE TO put on the gear and spar. You cannot learn to fight if you don't practice fighting.
Now I will admit that combat sports like Muay Thai, Boxing, and BJJ have been effective in street fights that are one on one, unarmed, fist fights as I have seen this on videos of fights and I recommend combat sports as supplemental training to develop attributes and to toughen up from the full contact training. That said, combat sports training by itself is INCOMPLETE as a fighting method because they most of the time only focus on winning particular tournaments according to the rules of the particular style they are training. In reality there are no rules besides rules of engagement and use of force laws so if your goal is self defense then you have to train accordingly. This no rules paradigm changes the way you need to train and what techniques you need to use.
As an example, boxing punches are great and need to be practiced for variety in offense but truth be told if you're not a heavyweight pro boxer such as a small size man or a 95lb middle aged woman than boxing punches will not be damaging enough against a larger and stronger assailant or rapist. Your techniques must do immediate damage without great strength or tremendous hitting power. Some excellent examples of authentic self defense techniques would be a knee to the balls, jamming your thumbs into the eyes, grabbing and ripping off an ear, palm strike uppercut below and up the jaw (AKA the chin jab), striking a knife hand to the throat, grabbing and crushing the windpipe, smacking the ears, etc. The above mentioned sample techniques are what you should emphasize in a streetfight against some drunken asshole during a house party for example. Boxing punches, round kicks to the legs, double leg takedowns should be secondary techniques to SUPPLEMENT your primary self defense techniques. Sport fighting techniques are add ons as you advance in training and build skill in fighting. Also most fights start face to face in close quarters range while MMA, and Kickboxing starts at long range. If you're going to excel at any range then let it be at close range (Sometimes called trapping range). Most combat sports don't address close range fighting and MMA makes the mistake of trying to cruise right through close quarters range to attempt either a clinch or a takedown. Very few people know how to fight in trapping range but this is the most barbaric range to fight in. Face bites, spitting to the eyes, headbutts, low punches to the balls, clawing the eyes, setting up throws, etc are some of the many techniques you can use in close range combat. Many of these close quarters tools also work wonders on the ground and when supplemented/combined with positional fighting from BJJ you can VERY EASILY counter most BJJ holds and finishing moves with close quarters techniques. It is also important to point out that most combat sports will not prepare you for multiple attackers or unarmed defense against weapons because most combat sports gyms do not address this AT ALL.
Now when you begin your self defense training the first techniques you learn will be gross motor skills that you can use under high levels of adrenaline and stress. The techniques are easy to learn and requires minimal maintenance once learned and are VERY DESTRUCTIVE WITHOUT NEEDING TREMENDOUS STRENGTH OR HITTING POWER. In self defense training, your selected techniques you will learn will do immediate damage to assure your escaping a violent encounter. Another big difference of these fighting methods is the fighting objectives. In traditional oriental martial arts the focus is on fighting to kill your enemy (just read up classical japanese texts written by old time samurai such as the book of five rings or Hagakure) this training aim will land you in prison unless you're in the military training for war. Combat Sports focuses only on winning tournament fights within the rules of the sport. In self defense your goal is not to win a fight to feed your ego. Your goal in fighting in self defense is to hurt or stun the bad guy just enough to buy you enough time to ESCAPE THE FIGHT and secure yourself somewhere safe before you report the violent crime to the police.
As you progress in training, you will be introduced to full contact sparring to develop your skill in techniques, toughen up and learn how to fight for real with some combat sports techniques introduced as add on secondary skills and sport drills to supplement your training. Now another thing that separates combat sports and authentic self defense training is although both use shadowboxing and sparring, self defense training takes it one step further by including full contact scenario training to add more reality and condition one to stress and adrenaline. Look at it as full contact sparring with simulated confrontations added before the physical fighting starts and the use of a lot of abusive language to induce fear and stress similar to what you will feel in real life. Self defense fighting methods also include fighting against multiple attackers and unarmed defense against modern day weapons. Another missing link in most unarmed combat methods today.
More comparisons and contrasts can be made such as how real self defense teaches you how to fight with modern weapons such as using a chair as a weapon or a stun gun but the above mentioned is enough to make my point clear.
Until next time,
Certified Self Defense Trainer
Certified Personal Trainer
Certified Martial Arts Fitness Instructor
P.S. I you need a self defense weapon, I sell modern self defense weapons such as Kubotans, stun guns, and pepper sprays. Text me at 787-464-1199 or email me at email@example.com